USS Yorktown (CV/CVA/CVS-10) is one of the Essex class aircraft
carriers that was constructed during the second World War for the US
Navy, and named after the battle of Yorktown in the Revolutionary
War, and the fourth vessel to proudly wear that name. She was to
have been called the Bon Homme Richard, the famous ship of that same
war, she would be renamed the Yorktown during her construction, to
honor the USS Yorktown, CV-5 that was sunk at Midway battle in 1942.
She was commissioned in 1943, and was involved in numerous campaigns
in the Pacific Theater of Operations, earning 11 battle stars and
the Presidential Unit Citation. The Yorktown was decommissioned a
little bit after the end of WWII, until the early 1950s when she was
modernized and then recommissioned as an attack carrier, CVA,
eventually becoming an antisubmarine carrier, CVS, but
recommissioned too late in the Korean War to head there, however,
she did take part in many ops in the Pacific, including Vietnam,
where she once more earned five battle stars. Later on, she would be
part of the recovery group for Apollo 8 and even used in the movie,
Tora! Tora! Tora! that had replicated the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The Yorktown was finally decommissioned in 1970 and became a museum
ship in 1975, docked at Patriot's Point, Mount Pleasant, South
Carolina and was made a National Historic Landmark.