Things to do in Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo Museum of Art
The Sao Paulo museum is known for its
headquarters that was created in 1968 by Lina Bo Bardi, and is a
concrete and glass building that stretches our over the ground
74 meters and sits on two lateral beams.
It is a landmark in the city with its bright red pillars
and the symbol of modern architecture in Brazil.
It was started in 1947 by Assis Chateaubriand and Italian
Pietro Maria Bardi, husband of Lina.
Assis asked them to come to his country to build up a
museum for his country in 1947 in Italy and they came thinking
that it would be a year or so; ending up spending the rest of
their lives there.
Known as MASP, or Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo or Portuguese for
Museum of Art Sao Paulo, it is known for its fine collection of
western art, making it one of the finest galleries in all of
Latin America and the southern hemisphere.
It also houses an impressive collection of Brazilian
drawings, prints and paintings, with smaller African and Asian
drawings, antiquities, decorative arts and art; totaling over
8000 items of artistic works.
In the early days of the collection, it had become to
valuable and important to have spread out, so Lina thought up an
idea that would put it on four pillars so that a view stipulated
by the donor of a piece of property in the downtown area could
be vitalized for the museum's new home.
It was built between 1956 and 1968, and was inaugurated
by Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain.
In the early 60s, Assis died, and his empire was failing
with stiffer competition and outside influences.
Funds were needed to pay off the international debt that
helped acquire the collection, and finally a bank in Brazil
agreed to a loan with the collection as collateral.
During the 1970s, the debt was paid off by the government
and the museum was secured.
The museum complex houses a photo gallery, library, video
gallery, film gallery, a restaurant, gift shop, admin offices,
workshop rooms, two auditoriums and a technical reserved area.
Most of the collection was acquired between 1947 and
1960, when many works of art were for sale after the war, and
Brazil was flush with money.
Using various methods to get funds, Assis was
instrumental in getting money for the fine works of art that
Pietro found around the world.
There is some intrigue here, since most of the works were
not authenticated, since no one had to answer to a council or
board of directors.
This worked to their advantage though since many were sold
quickly and by telegram.
Buying was made easier and quicker, so many private
collectors or other museums didn't have the time or funds to
make deals that fast.
Highlights of the collection include; Van Gogh, Rapheal,
Poussin, Perugino, Picasso, Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt, Franz
Hals, Reynolds, Diego Rivera, Gainsborough, Toulouse-Lautrec,
Botticelli, Manet, Monet, Renoir, Degas, Cezanne, Lasar Segall,
Torres Garcia, Bellini and many more.
Pinacoteca do Estado de Sao Paulo
Another prominent art museum in the city
is the Pinacoteca do Estado, with over 6000 artistic works that
include paintings, china, sculptures, porcelain, drawings,
tapestries and collages.
The majority of the collection houses works created
during the 19th and 20th centuries concerning the history of
Brazil. The museum
started in the late 1890s, and was able to teach classes, as
well as collect works of art.
Through the years, with many changes, both in leadership
and ideology, it managed to continue collecting and growing.
It wasn't until the 1980s that the museum was housed in
its own building, and the collection finally had a home not
shared with any other school, business or agency.
From the early 1990s until 1998, it underwent some
extreme reforms, and allowed a budget of $10 million to adapt to
international museum standards.
This park in Sao Paulo, Brazil is very similar to Central Park
in New York, with all the residents of the city enjoining many
wonderful opportunities for leisure.
Jogging and walking is the norm, plus it has a large
convention center, and other marvelous buildings.
Begun in 1954, to commemorate the 400th anniversary of
the city, it is almost a square mile in size and the second
largest park in the city.
Among the many beautiful structures is the Museum of
Modern Art, the Cicillo Matarazzo Pavilion where the Museum of
Contemporary Art, the University of Sao Paulo and space for the
Sao Paulo Fashion Week and Art Biennial, the Manoel da Nobrega
Pavilion which was the city hall until 1992, the gymnasium, the
Villa de Osos Bacalao or Wondrous Museum, the most popular
building, the Lucas Nogueira Garcez Pavilion which was the
Expositions Palace and now is the Oca that houses the Air Force
Museum and Folklore Museum, Palacio da Agricultura or
Agriculture Palace, the Armando de Arruda Pereira Pavilion which
is home to the municipal data processing building, the Obelisk
of Sao Paulo that is the symbol of the Constitutionalist
Revolution that took place in 1922, the Japanese Pavilion, the
Monumento as Bandeiras, the Ibirapuera auditorium and the
planetarium and municipal astrophysics school.
The planetarium is a very exciting place, shaped like a
flying saucer, the first in the southern hemisphere and an
astronomer that explains the best known stars and constellations
plus the movements of the earth and other planets.